Jesus the great teacher ever known in the history of mankind, teach in parable in the Mount! As he teach, he teach not only his disciples but teach everyone who was available including a lawyer but he teach in parables and at the end of the parables he would then translate and illustrate the meaning. Below are the teachings in parables.
1. The Sower: Matt. 13:1-23; Mark 4:1-20, Luke 8:4-8
Jesus told his hearers this parable: A sower went out to sow some seeds, some of the seeds fell by the way side, and not quite long the birds ate the seeds up. Some fell on rocky ground. They grew but died later because there was little soil. Others fell at the side of the field, where there were weeds and thorns. These, too began to grow, but they were soon killed by the weeds and thorns. The rest of the seeds fell on good soil. They grew very well and produced many fruits (seeds).
The disciples did not know what lesson Jesus was trying to teach them. They asked Jesus to tell them what the story meant. This is what Jesus told them.
a. The seed is the word of God
b. The soil is the people who hears it.
c. Some people are like the path; they hear God’s words but do nothing about it.
d. Some people are like the Rocky, shallow soil; they hear God’s word and believe it for a time, but very soon they forget all about it.
e. The soil full of weeds and thorns is like the people who hears God’s word and for a time try to do what is right, but after a time the word of God is choked by other things like money and worry.
f. The good ground is like the people who hears the word of God and then do what God tells them to do. Just as the corn grows and ripens, so they live good lives and help others to the same.
2. The Mustard Seed:
Matthew 13:24-32; Luke 13:18-19; Mark 4:30-32.
In this parable, Jesus said that the kingdom of God is like a grain of mustard seed, which when it is sown in the earth is less than all the seeds that be in the earth. But when it is sown, it growth up and become the greater than all herbs, and shooteth out great branches, so that fowls of the air may lodge under the shadow of it.
Jesus illustrated in this parable the small beginning of his ministry on Earth and it great results. The blessings of the Gospel of Jesus will grow and spread to people everywhere they might be.
3. The Wheat and The Tares:
Matthew 13:24-30; 36-43.
Jesus says that the kingdom of heaven is like the farm of a man where he sowed good seed. In the night his enemies went and sowed tares. The two grew up together. The servants of the man told him that unknown persons (enemy) sowed tares in his farm and insisted that they would like to remove the tares but the master said that they should allow both the wheat and the tares to grow until the time of harvest. By the time of harvest, the grains would be gathered together and the tare would be burnt. Jesus by this parable, warns the unbelievers about what will be their fate on the judgement day.
4. The Seed Growing Secretly: Mark 4:26-29
Jesus says that the kingdom of God is like a man planting some seeds and the seeds will germinate and grow up but the man cannot tell how this is done or how this seed is growing. Later the time of harvest would come. Jesus is saying that when the gospel is preached, conversion of the people who hear the word of God belongs to God.
5. PARABLES ILLUSTRATING GOD’S LOVE
(I) The Lost Sheep: Matt. 18:12-14; Luke 15:3-7
The Pharisees and Scribes murmured when they saw that Jesus received sinners and ate with them. Jesus then told them the parable of the lost sheep. Jesus said that a man had one hundred sheep and one of them was lost. The man went to look for the lost sheep and at last he found it. When he found it, be carried the sheep on his shoulders, rejoicing. When he got home he call his friends and neighbors to rejoice with him because he had found his lost sheep. Jesus concluded by saying that there will be Joy in heaven over one sinner that would repent more than ninety-nine just persons who need no repentance .
(II) The Lost Coin: Luke 15:3-10.
Jesus told the people another parable to illustrate God’s love. The parable is the lost coin. Jesus said that a certain woman had ten pieces of coins. One of the coins got lost. She lighted a candle and swept her house looking for it. When she found it, she happily called her friends and neighbors to rejoice with her because she had found the coin which she had lost.
Jesus concluded the story by saying that there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that would repent.
(III) The Prodigal Son: Luke 15:11-32
A man had two sons. One day, the younger son said to his father to divide the property between the two sons. The father did so. This younger son went off to another land where he wasted his money by living in careless life. When the money was finished, he had to rear pigs for a farmer in order to eat.
Later, he became very sorry for the careless way he was living his life and decided to go back to his father. His father ran to him when he saw him coming home. The father was very happy to see him. He gave him good cloths, rings and shoes. He killed a fat cow and made a big feast saying that his son who was lost had been found. This parable stresses the fact that there will be joy in heaven over a sinner who repents.
6. PARABLES ILLUSTRATING CONCERN FOR ONE ANOTHER
a. The Good Samaritan: Luke 10:25-37
A lawyer once met Jesus and asked him what he must do to get to heaven, “what does the law say”? Asked Jesus. The lawyer replied that “You must love God and you must love your neighbor”. “That is right”, said Jesus. “That is what you must do if you want to get to heaven”. The lawyer asked, “who is my neighbor”? Jesus then told him this story.
A man was going from Jerusalem to Jericho when he was attacked by robbers and he was left half dead. Not quite long a priest came along the road. When he came to the place where the man lay he looked at him and went away.
Then a levite came and did as the priest did. At last a samaritan came to the spot where the man was (The Samaritan were not Jews and the Jews and the Samaritans hated one another). The Samaritan went up to the man and tended his wounds with wine and oil. He put him on his ass and took him to an inn. He gave the innkeeper some money to take care of the wounded man, and told him that if if cost more he would pay him when he came again. After Jesus had told this story, he asked the lawyer who was the neighbor of the man who was attacked by the robbers. The lawyer replied that it was the man who helped the wounded man. Jesus told him to go and do the same.
b. The Rich man (Dives) And Lazarus Luke 1:19-31
The story of the rich man and Lazarus is often called Dives and Lazarus. The word Dives (Pronounced Die-vees) is a Latin word which means ‘the rich man’.
There was once a rich man. At his gate sat a beggar named Lazarus, dirty and covered with sores. He begged for little pieces of food which fell down from the rich man’s table. The rich man refused but ordered his dog to lick the sores on the legs of Lazarus. At last, the two men died. The beggar went to heaven and the rich man to hell. The rich man cried out to Abraham, whom he could see with Lazarus in Heaven. The rich man asked Abraham to send Lazarus to drop water to his tongue to cool it. Abraham told him that while he was alive he had all the good things while Lazarus was poor and ill. The rich man then requested him to send Lazarus to go to warn his five brothers to change their ways so that they would not join him there. Abraham refused and said that they must learn from the words of prophets, the men of God and they can escape his punishment.
In this story, Jesus showed that we must do good with our riche before it is too late.